Chemical synthesis and translesion replication of a cis-syn cyclobutane thymine-uracil dimer.

Abstract:

The cytosine base in DNA undergoes hydrolytic deamination at a considerable rate when UV radiation induces formation of a cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD) with an adjacent pyrimidine base. We have synthesized a phosphoramidite building block of a cis-syn cyclobutane thymine-uracil dimer (T[]U), which is the deaminated form of the CPD at a TC site, and incorporated it into oligodeoxyribonucleotides. The previously reported method for synthesis of the thymine dimer (T[]T) was applied, using partially protected thymidylyl-(3'-5')-2'-deoxyuridine as the starting material, and after triplet- sensitized irradiation, the configuration of the base moiety in the major product was determined by NMR spectroscopy. Presence of the cis-syn cyclobutane dimer in the obtained oligonucleotides was confirmed by UV photoreversal and reaction with T4 endonuclease V. Using a 30mer containing T[]U, translesion synthesis by human DNA polymerase eta was analyzed. There was no difference in the results between the templates containing T[]T and T[]U and pol eta bypassed both lesions with the same efficiency, incorporating two adenylates. This enzyme showed fidelity to base pair formation, but this replication causes a C-->T transition because the original sequence is TC.

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