In search of a novel anti-HIV drug: multidisciplinary coordination in the discovery of 4-[[4-[[4-[(1E)-2-cyanoethenyl]-2,6-dimethylphenyl]amino]-2- pyrimidinyl]amino]benzonitrile (R278474, rilpivirine).


Ideally, an anti-HIV drug should (1) be highly active against wild-type and mutant HIV without allowing breakthrough; (2) have high oral bioavailability and long elimination half-life, allowing once-daily oral treatment at low doses; (3) have minimal adverse effects; and (4) be easy to synthesize and formulate. R278474, a new diarylpyrimidine (DAPY) non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), appears to meet these criteria and to be suitable for high compliance oral treatment of HIV-1 infection. The discovery of R278474 was the result of a coordinated multidisciplinary effort involving medicinal chemists, virologists, crystallographers, molecular modelers, toxicologists, analytical chemists, pharmacists, and many others.




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